Despotanmagi

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Language: English
Despotanmagi
Pronunciation[de̞spo̞tɒnmɒɣi], [mɒssenpɹeo̯st despotɒmɸɹɒs]
RegionSouthern Etrand
EthnicityMassenpreost Despotanfras
Extinctwent extinct in 20 000 BEKE as a spoken language, lived on as a dead language ever since
Paleo-Artograchian cuneiforms
Language codes
ISO 639-3
The Despotanmagi language was originally the langauge of the Massenpreost Despotanfras people. It went extinct as a spoken language together with the race of the same name, but remained used as a literary and religious language by the Ancient Lizardman Empire, and also as a language of magic.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Grammar[edit | edit source]

The Despotanmagi language was ergative–absolutive, SVO agglutinative language - or more precisely, agent–verb–object (AVO).

Cases[edit | edit source]

Due to the fact that Despotanmagi was an agglutinative language that built words by combining morphemes into words like building blocks, it is up for debate whether the language had an actual case system, or if the case-endings were more like helper-words attached to root words to put them into grammatical context.

As Massenpreost Despotanfras was an ergative–absolutive language, it lacked nominative and accusative cases, instead having an ergative and an absolutive case. In a nominative-accusative language, the agent of a transitive verb and the core argument of an intransitive verb both warrant the usage of the nominative case, while object of a transitive verb warrants the usage of the accusative case - in contrast with this, in an ergative-absolutive language like Massenpreost Despotanfras, only the agent of a transitive verb is marked by an ergative case, while both the object of a transitive verb and the core argument of an intransitive verb warrant being marked by the absolutive case.

Thus, the list of cases:

  • Ergative: Indicates the agent of transitive verb
  • Absolutive/Dative: Indicates the object of transitive verb or core argument of intransitive verb (absolutive), as well as the indirect object of any verb (dative)
  • Ablative: Indicates movement away from
  • Genitive: Indicates possessor of another noun
  • Vocative: Addresses a noun
  • Locative: Roughly corresponds to English prepositions in, on, at, and by and other less common locational prepositions.
  • Instrumental: Roughly corresponds to English prepositions by, with and via as well as synonymous constructions such as using, by use of and through.

There was no distinct dative case - it instead has merged with the absolutive case.

Singular Plural
Ergative -va -yä
Absolutive -so -še
Ablative -to -tye
Genitive -aem -eam
Vocative -yo -ve
Locative -roe -šeo
Instrumental -ra -riuk

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Unlike in other languages that typically had distinct pronouns often completely independent from the markers of the various grammatical cases, Massenpreost Despotanfras only had three basic words that could be used as pronouns when combined with a grammatical case:

  • <en> being the core first-person proto-pronoun, meaning "I" or "me" when combined with a singular case-marker, "we" or "us" when combined with a plural case-marker.
  • <tä> being the core second-person proto-pronoun, meaning "you"
  • <yok> being the core third-person proto-pronoun, meaning "he/she/it" or "him/her/it" when combined with a singular case-marker, "they" or "them" when combined with a plural case-marker.

As such, the full list of pronouns in their grammatical cases:

P1 <en> P2 <tä> P3 <yok>
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Ergative enva enyä täva täyä yokva yokyä
Absolutive enso enše täso täše yokso yokše
Ablative ento entye täto tätye yokto yoktye
Genitive enaem eneam täraem täream yogaem yogeam
Vocative enyo enve täyo täve yokyo yokve
Locative enroe enšeo täroe täšeo yokroe yokšeo
Instrumental enra enriuk tära täriuk yokra yokriuk

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Simple Continuous
Past -vorot -vriko
Present -ereń -ero
Future -mope -muvi

Numbers[edit | edit source]

Massenpreost Despotanfras language employed Base 8, or Octal. Ordinal numbers were used for counting, cardinal numbers were used for position or rank in a sequential order. Large numbers are made by taking cardinal numbers and having them in an order of A-B-C for , such as being ȟos-ňot-qap. To turn it into an ordinal number, only the last one needs to be made ordinal - for example ȟos-ňot-qaveo. In theory, the largest number that can be represented in the language would be feti-redevot-feti - in other words .

Ordinal numbers can also be treated (and thus conjugated/cased) like nouns, such as saying "kät-ȟoseo-yä" for (two thirds). To further help with representing non-integer numbers in the language, a radix point can also be used - the word for it is "vosp", such as saying ye-vosp-ye for

Cardinal Ordinal
0 kviut kviudeo
1 ye yereo
2 kät kädeo
3 ȟos ȟoseo
4 drap draveo
5 oet oedeo
6 gak gageo
7 feti fetireo
ńui ńuireo
ňot ňodeo
rup ruveo
ruvot ruvodeo
ńevot ńevodeo
redevot redevodeo

Adjectives and adverbs[edit | edit source]

Adjectives are marked this way:

  • <-me> to mark regular adjectives
  • <-mevi> to mark comparative adjectives
  • <-mesp> to mark superlative adjectives

Adverbs are formed from adjecitves by adding <-vi> to its end.

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Important words in the Massenpreost Despotanmagi language include:

  • Basic words: <säk> (life), <remi> (death), <meań> (magic), <des> (magic)
  • Colours: <mas> (light), <sen> (dark), <preost> (red), <ňito> (blue), <ȟoń> (green), <sära> (yellow), <vanra> (brown)
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